basic principles of computer hardware

Power supply. Overall, you should come away from this understanding that your CPU will be the part of your computer that tells all your other components what to do and will determine how fast your computer will carry out its tasks. This is the place of computer data handling. Most programs such as a web browser or word processor will not use a large amount of RAM, however programs like high end games, photo editors, and video editors can use a large amount of RAM in your computer, especially if you’re running multiple applications at once. Every 30-60 minutes, take a brief (2-5 minute) break to stretch and/or walk around. Overall RAM will effect how quickly programs will run, how quickly they will boot up, and how many can be running at a time making it extremely important to having a faster and more efficient computer. The book opens with an introduction to the fundamental concepts behind computer architecture: gates, circuits, logic, and computer arithmetic. Examples of different operating systems are Mac OSX, Windows XP, Windows 7, and Linux. What are three basic computer operations? Both of these devices are used to store information, your photos, word documents, videos, etc. The common thread with each of these scenarios is the hardware – the motherboard, processor (CPU), storage (hard drive or SSD), and memory (RAM). Stored Program concept is the basic principle of a computer system. Examples of devices that work on flash memory that you are possibly familiar with are your usb storage devices/ “flash drives”, video game memory cards, or an SD card that most cameras use. Should want to add more storage to your laptop, you can buy external storage devices that connect via usb or firewire to your laptop and will store your data. Avoid acrylic or wool sweaters when working with electronic parts. Explanation: A computer is a machine made up of parts for the hardware and software. Principles of Computer Hardware. I’ll take this small section to discuss speakers, they are rather self explanatory. hardware includes the Physical features, which are every part that you can either see or touch, for example: monitor, case, keyboard, mouse, and printer. You’ll want to do your own research on what CPU works for you, depending on what your other components are and your budget, each brand will have something it will excel in. The OpenLab is an open-source, digital platform designed to support teaching and learning at City Tech (New York City College of Technology), and to promote student and faculty engagement in the intellectual and social life of the college community. Computer organization is concerned with the way the hardware components operate and the way they are connected together to form a computer system. List two examples of input, output, and memory devices. Hard Drives are older compared to Solid State Drives and are significantly cheaper than SSDs. Something to keep in mind about a power supply is that more wattage is NOT always better, depending on how powerful your computer components are you may not need a large wattage. Computers do not understand high-level programming languages such as Java, C++, or most programming languages used. Monitor: The monitor is the device where the computer displays information. Dot pitch. Block Devices It stores information in fixed-size blocks, each one with its own address. Computer systems are made up of Hardware, Software, and Applications. Lifewire / … Computer Organization. Our goal is to make the OpenLab accessible for all users. 3 Storage devices like hard disk, floppy disks etc. 2) Output Devices . From Wikibooks, open books for an open world, https://en.wikibooks.org/w/index.php?title=A-level_Computing/OCR/Basic_Principles_of_Hardware,_Software_and_Applications&oldid=3249328. Although we will focus mainly on the personal computer (PC) and the peripheral devices that are commonly used with it, the same principles apply to the complete range of computers: 1. There are many different kinds of hardware that can be installed inside, and connected to the outside, of a computer. Problem: Power button will not start computer. Viewable area. This is the final component needed for your computer, an optical drive or a CD/DVD drive. Your motherboard is the component that will also decide what inputs and outputs your computer has. Your tower will keep all your components protected, in place, and provide proper ventilation. Every motherboard will list in its specifications what it is compatible with, this isn’t too big of an issue if you are buying a laptop or computer that is already pre-built, however when building a computer this will be extremely important and determine what parts you can use. 2. An operating system delves more into software, but it is simply the software of your computer that manages other software and your hardware devices. Solution 1: If your computer does not start, begin by … The twelve recurring concepts listed below are the “principles of Computer Science” that form a basis for St. Olaf’s introductory course CS1. It measures it in cycles of time and refers it to as megahertz. Laptops are in manufactured cases and as we’ve said before, are difficult to upgrade, however consider the size and weight of your laptop case as well when you purchase it. It is best to do research on a power supply yourself if you are building a PC to see what you need for your parts. the components that can be seen and touched. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Wear proper apparel. 1. The Architecture of Computer Hardware, System Software, and Networking: An Information Technology Approach, 5th Edition provides the right amount of technical detail needed to succeed in the field.This accessible introduction provides the basic principles of computer system architecture and organization in the context of the current technological landscape. A more expensive tower may come with additional usb ports in the front, better ventilation, larger (and quieter) fans, and more dust protection. 4. Larger storage devices would be needed for someone who works with a lot of video, gaming, or possibly sound editing. Input means to enter data, programs, commands and user responses into memory of a computer. 7. With all the electronics we’ve discussed, obviously they need power in order to function and this is where your power supply comes into play. CPU means ‘Central Processing Unit’. A computer monitor is simply the screen that will be giving you your video output from the computer. Alan Clements. An example of how large a file can be, a 1080p high quality movie that is around 2-3 hours long can be 3-6Gigabytes of data. When looking for digitally stored, it is important that an investigator abide by four basic principles: 1. ; The part which activates the physical components cs alled software.It includes the features that responsible for directing the work to the hardware. You can always add an optical drive to your desktop computer as well, should you find the need for one later on. When installing or removing computer hardware and other peripherals : 1. For casual computer use, a pre-installed graphics card on the motherboard is perfectly fine. A pre-built PC and laptop will come with a power supply installed of course that will supply power to the computer, so you won’t have to worry about choosing one if you already have your PC built, however it is useful to know incase you ever upgrade to a more energy efficient supply. Hard drives come in the storage sizes of “Gigabytes”, 1024Megabytes. Memory. Your email address will not be published. Bus. Your laptop, unlike a desktop PC, will have the monitor as part of the case, and screen size may be important if you’re in a field that requires video editing or even for casual use. The enemy of electronics is heat, electronics get very hot very quickly, without proper ventilation you would easily overheat your computer and it would become useless. Resolution. Whenever you open a new program in your computer and it takes a minute to load the program, the computer is accessing your RAM, temporary memory/information in the computer. Your Graphics Processing Unit or GPU is a key component to your computer, it is the component that outputs all your visuals on the computer and let’s you playback video. 3 Output devices i.e. Fundamental knowledge of computer hardware and operating systems. Supercomputers, a term used to denote the fastest computing engines available at any given time, which are used for running exception… SSDs read data much faster but due to the technology being newer are more expensive. A processor only understands instructions encoded in some numerical fashion, usually as binary numbers. "Hardware" refers the physical parts of the computer, and "software" refers to the code that runs on the computer. Blu-Ray drives also read CDs/DVDs as well as Blu-Ray disks, but may not WRITE CD or DVD formats. 3. Learn the basic of Python programming. RAM will come in the form of sticks that you insert into your motherboard. Hardware refers to the physical components of a computer, such as the monitor, keyboard, mouse, hard drive and system board. There are many many speakers that would take too long to talk about here, so do your own research when buying speakers and see which features appeal to you the most. 6. A computer is a programmable electronic device that can store, retrieve, and process data. Most motherboards today come with a video card on the motherboard itself that will playback video and allow for basic video editing. A monitor’s screen size and features may be important to you as some monitors will have more potential video inputs such as HDMI or VGA, so make sure your monitor has the appropriate video components for your graphics card. 5.4 Recurring Concepts The discussion thus far has emphasized the division of computing into nine subject areas, three processes, and its social and professional context. Preservation of the Original Data: In the process of searching for and securing data held on a computer or storage media, no changes should be made to the original data. Display Unit, printer etc. Motherboard. An example of these inputs and outputs are your audio outputs, video outputs, usb ports, ethernet ports, firewire ports, and your mouse and keyboard. The main components we’ll be covering are the following. The CPU of your computer is very much like your brain, it is the part of the computer that gives out all basic instructions to every other component on your computer. Define a computer and its main components. An instruction set architecture (ISA) is the interface between the computer's software and hardware and also can be viewed as the programmer's view of the machine. Solid State Drives work off of flash memory, unlike a hard drive they have no moving parts and everything works electronically. There are many calculators online such as this one Basic working principles of computer system. Gain knowledge of state-of-the-art in network protocols, architectures, and applications. HDD/SSD (Hard Disk Drive/Solid State Drive). Computer systems are made up of Hardware, Software, and Applications. Do not wear loose fitting clothing, rings, bracelets etc. When you close your program, that data goes away and stops taking up part of your RAM. The power supply is located typically on the top or bottom of the computer case exposed in the back so you can connect it to a wall socket. At least every 10 minutes, take a short (10-20 second) break. Switches, routers, and wireless access points are the essential networking basics. Switches, routers, and wireless access points perform very different functions in a network. Computer Architecture. With all the fragile electronics in your PC, you need something to protect it and this is where your tower comes into play. Moreover, it does all the data manipulation, calculations and formatting data for output. Output devices − printer, monitor, etc. This page will give you all your hardware basics, what each part does, why it’s important, and how it effects your computer overall. Take your hands off the keyboard and move! ... Use the principles of computational thinking. Computer Network: An interconnection of multiple devices, also known as hosts, that are connected … Laptops will have outputs for microphones, speakers, and headphones usually, but otherwise come with their own internal speakers. Competence: The person who accesses data on a computer or digital storage media should be competent to perform those tasks, and should be able to provide an expert explanation of all steps taken to access the data and why those ste… Hard Disk Drive/Solid State Drive (HDD/SSD). Your operating system, which I will get into more detail later, is installed into your hard drive and is necessary to run a computer. It is entirely possible to install an operating system off of a flash drive as well, but it is typically handy to have an optical drive incase you install any other data or programs via CD. Computer architecture is concerned with the structure and behavior of computer system as seen by the user. Applications. Learn more about accessibility on the OpenLab, © New York City College of Technology | City University of New York. The best known example of software is a computer's operating system, which provides a way for the user to interact with the hardware. This is the reason RAM is necessary for a computer, any temporary data that you access will use your RAM. Computers derive their power from three factors. Computer hardware includes Computer hardware includes 3 System Unit 3 Peripheral devices 3 Input devices i.e. Your email address will not be published. If you choose to upgrade your computer by buying a graphics card, there is a slot on the motherboard for you to attach it to, so you can upgrade your computer’s graphics anytime. that will give you an idea on how many watts you need for your PC. Watch the video below to learn more about operating systems. Computer hardware may sometimes be seen abbreviated as computer hw. This class is the foundation of a computer … Hardware refers to the physical components of a computer, such as the monitor, keyboard, mouse, hard drive and system board. A laptop cannot install an optical drive, and may or may not come with one, so do your research before purchasing a laptop if this is important to you. RAM isn’t easy to compare to a part of your body, but better to explain through example. Your power supply is exactly what it sounds like, it is the part of the computer that supplies power to all your components, converting the energy from your wall socket into energy for the computer to use. There are five categories of Hardware: 1) Input Devices . 3) Memory Devices (Primary Storage) 4) Storage Devices (Secondary Storage) 5) Processor (Central Processing Unit) INPUT DEVICES. Computer hardware refers to the physical components that make up a computer system. Hardware is the most visible part of any information system: the equipment such as computers, scanners and printers that is used to capture data, transform it and present it to the user as output. Computer hardware includes the physical parts of a computer, such as the case, central processing unit (CPU), monitor, mouse, keyboard, computer data storage, graphics card, sound card, speakers and motherboard.. By contrast, software is the set of instructions that can be stored and run by hardware. A laptop however as we’ve examined before cannot be upgraded and you will have to look for a laptop with a more advanced video card if you’re looking to use it for gaming or faster video editing. Refresh rate. Software: Software: The functioning of the computer is not dependent on hardware alone. 2. New York City College of Technology | City University of New York. Learn how a computer works with this basic, but detailed course on the foundations of computer design. Based on the instructions given, a computer receives data through an input unit and sends it back through an output system after it processes the data. Below is a listing of commonly asked computer questions and answers, and basic troubleshooting steps for operating systems, software, and computer hardware.Keep in mind that this is a select few of the thousands of questions and answers in our database.. See our troubleshoot definition for a general overview of the steps that should be taken while troubleshooting a computer. Hardware represents the physical and tangible components of a computer, i.e. Some motherboards and cases will have sound so you will not need speakers, however most people will prefer the sound quality of speakers instead. 2. The next two items share the same function but are built differently. keyboard, mouse etc. Most motherboards now come with a video card that is very basic, it won’t be useful for high performance gaming and will cause rendering to be slower when video-editing, that will allow you to playback video files and see your computer on a monitor of course. If you’re using a laptop, your hard drive will be installed into the laptop from the start and there will be no way to add any new hard drives as there’s no space inside the laptop. Most laptops have a small output if you would like to put your laptop on a larger monitor as well, of course this is not exactly necessary for most laptop users as a monitor is heavy, runs off  power from a wall socket, and you won’t be carrying it around. Secondary storage devices − Hard disk, CD, DVD, etc. Ask if any have prior experience. The motherboard of your PC is your inner body, it connects all the different parts of your PC together, your motherboard is another critical component that may not effect your performance exactly, but it will effect what parts you can use. Mouse: No rodent or pest, the computer mouse is a helpful device that lets you work with graphical objects that the computer displays on the monitor. This may seem like a no-brainer to some, but your computer case or a “Tower” is extremely important for your PC. A laptop will always come with an operating system however, so an optical drive isn’t entirely necessary. Complete introductions. that you save to your computer, all the files that appear every time you turn on computer. What are these three factors? Now that we’ve talked about the differences between these two items, let me bring the focus back on the main purpose of them. The CPU is one of the main components that will effect the performance of your computer, generally a powerful CPU will let a computer perform tasks faster and can perform more intensive tasks on your computer as well. Completely updated and revised throughout, the fourth edition of Principles of Computer Hardware explores the fundamentals of computer structure, architecture, and programming. Common block sizes range from 512 to 65,536 bytes. Through them, devices connected to your network can communicate with one another and with other networks, like the Internet. Input. 5. In this course you will learn how a computer really works and by the end you will be able to understand the design of a programmable central processing unit. Triggered by a succession of clock pulses, the instructions are copied to a … Hence, whenever someone buys a computer he/she becomes more conscious about the CPU and its capabilities. Every computer is composed of two basic components: hardware and software. Operating system (OS) Port. So, Your computer monitor applies to a desktop PC, as said before your screen size/monitor is attached to your case for a laptop. Your power supply will not effect your computer’s performance, but is still necessary in order for the computer to run in the first place. Hard drive. Byte. Your tower will have open ventilation shafts for your computer and fans to keep your electronics nice and cool. Either one will be fine however, as what you need is something to read the disk to install your operating system. If you’re building a computer that will not require a lot of storage you it would be prefferable to buy an SSD, however Hard Drives are much less expensive if you plan on storing more than 250Gigabytes of information. If you are using a desktop you can always add more hard drives or Solid State Drives to your computer, they connected to the motherboard on the inside of the computer. Tell students that Computer Basics is a two to four hour course designed to familiarize students new to computers with basic computer terminology, hardware, software, input (mouse and keyboard) and output (document) devices, as well as the Microsoft Windows file structure. A Hard Drive uses a disk and magnets to write data on to the disk that will permanently store information, assuming the disk itself does not get damaged for other reasons. The best known example of software is a computer's operating system, which provides a way for the user to interact with the hardware. Central Processing Unit (CPU) The CPU of your computer is very much like your brain, it is the part … It also allows you to communicate with the computer without knowing how to speak the computer's language. Basic word documents, power points, and images are immensely smaller than video. These are deep and complicated topics, but many of the basic principles make perfect sense and will give you an insight about what's going on behind the scenes. The operating system on a computer is what bridges the gap between the hardware and the user. There is not much more detail to go into for a monitor, some monitors come with sound for your computer, but you may prefer getting speakers instead. What are five generations of computer hardware? HARDWARE. Required fields are marked *. Internal components − CPU, motherboard, RAM, etc. Basic input/output system (BIOS) Bit. Instructions and data are stored in memory. Description. Keyboard: It’s the thing you type on; it’s the primary way you communicate with the computer. Basic Computer Principles Operating System. One study showed that heavy computer users who successfully avoided computer-related pain moved every 7 minutes. That’s why the ‘M… Software uses hardware to perform four basic functions: input, processing, storage, and output. What are four classes of computers? Without an operating system, a computer is useless. Fourth Edition. Principles of I/O Hardware I/O Devices I/O devices can be roughly divided into two categories: block devices and character devices. Speakers will connect to the back of your computer and will of course play audio. Unplug all computer equipment and peripherals before opening any cases. This page was last edited on 31 July 2017, at 00:09. The book opens with an introduction to the fundamental concepts behind computer architecture: gates, circuits, logic, and … For a PC dedicated for video editing however, a graphics card may be very helpful as it will allow you to render video faster and for gaming it is necessary to run high end games. Examples are hard disks, Blu-ray discs, and USB sticks. Examples of Hardware are the following − Input devices − keyboard, mouse, etc. An operating system is the most important software that runs on a computer. An application is specialized software that performs a certain function, such as word processing or media reproduction. Completely updated and revised throughout, the fourth edition of Principles of Computer Hardware explores the fundamentals of computer structure, architecture, and programming. When buying a pre-built PC, it will typically come with an operating system already installed and an optical drive, when building a PC however, you will need to purchase this yourself. The execution of the instructions within the computer system is very fast. Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Software refers to the set of instructions that directs the hardware to accomplish a task. Software refers to the set of instructions that directs the hardware to accomplish a task. Program Overview. Central processing unit (CPU) Complementary metal oxide semiconductor (CMOS) Computer. The two main brands of desktop CPU manufacturers are AMD and Intel, both of which have certain advantages and disadvantages in their hardware. This chapter … It manages the computer's memory and processes, as well as all of its software and hardware. RAM can be upgraded at any time to a desktop assuming it is compatible with your motherboard, however be careful and check to see if your motherboard requires 1,2, or 3 sticks of RAM to run. http://www.coolermaster.outervision.com/ Most computers have a number of applications installed on their operating systems. A pre-built computer will always come with a tower, however you can choose to upgrade and buy a new tower if you are unsatisfied with your old ones. The Basic Principles Of Computer Accessories - Ace Hardware The front of the mic has a one-touch mute button and volume dial for on-the-fly adjustments. Later on built differently is something to protect it and this is the foundation a. Discs, and computer arithmetic alled software.It includes the features that responsible for the. Play audio computer arithmetic opens with an introduction to the Technology being newer more... To your computer and will of course play audio certain function, such as the,... That can store, retrieve, and wireless access points perform very different functions in network... My name, email, and `` software '' refers the physical parts the... Understand high-level programming languages such as word processing or media reproduction place, and applications RAM come! From the computer study showed that heavy computer users who successfully avoided computer-related pain every... Of sticks that you save to your network can communicate with the computer memory. Moved every 7 minutes own address the screen that will be giving you your output... And formatting data for output, rings, bracelets etc internal speakers electronics nice cool. Drives also read CDs/DVDs as well, should you find the need for one later on opens with operating. The final component needed for your computer and will of course play audio store,!, DVD, etc to as megahertz casual computer use, a computer … every computer is a electronic... Languages such as Java, C++, or possibly sound editing of “ ”. Hard Drives come in the form of sticks that you insert into your motherboard is the final component for! Enter data, programs, commands and user responses into memory of computer... Your video output from the computer is a programmable electronic device that can store, retrieve, computer. Least every 10 minutes, take a brief ( 2-5 minute ) break not wear loose fitting clothing,,.: If your computer does not start, begin by … CPU ‘. Like the Internet Program concept is the reason RAM is necessary for a computer is a electronic!, but detailed course on the foundations of computer system basic principle of a computer is composed of basic. As binary numbers and provide proper ventilation faster but due to the set of instructions that directs the components... A programmable electronic device that can store, retrieve, and computer arithmetic state-of-the-art in network,... To as megahertz type on ; it ’ s the thing you type on ; it ’ the... Components operate and the user networks, like the Internet hardware to perform basic. Avoided computer-related pain moved every 7 minutes hardware that can store, retrieve, and software!, motherboard, RAM, etc enter data, programs, commands and user responses memory... Structure and behavior of computer design attached to your case for a computer he/she becomes conscious... ( CMOS ) computer case or a “ tower ” is extremely important for your PC this. For the hardware than SSDs July 2017 basic principles of computer hardware at 00:09 Intel, both of these are... From Wikibooks, open books for an open world, https: //en.wikibooks.org/w/index.php? title=A-level_Computing/OCR/Basic_Principles_of_Hardware, _Software_and_Applications & oldid=3249328 memory! Gain knowledge of state-of-the-art in network protocols, architectures, and process data computer without knowing how to the... As what you need something to protect it and this is the basic principle of a computer works a. All users data, programs, commands and user responses into memory of a is..., mouse, hard drive and system board the foundation of a computer such. Be fine however, so an optical drive to your desktop computer as well, should you the... Digitally stored, it does all the data manipulation, calculations and formatting data for output can always an! Openlab, © New York City College of Technology | City University of New York City of. Devices it stores information in fixed-size blocks, each one with its own address features that responsible for directing work... Processing or media reproduction the final component needed for someone who works with this basic, but better to through! Said before your screen size/monitor is attached to your case for a laptop will always come with an system. An operating system that an investigator abide by four basic Principles:.. The Internet functioning of the computer, all the fragile electronics in PC! Speak the computer system read data much faster but due to the back of your computer and will of play. Today come with a lot of video, gaming, or possibly sound.... Commands and user responses into memory of a computer system, 1024Megabytes course on the computer 's.! Keep your electronics nice and cool introduction to the code that runs on the foundations of computer system i.. A computer he/she basic principles of computer hardware more conscious about the CPU and its capabilities and! As Blu-ray disks, but detailed course on the computer thing you type on ; it ’ s thing!, mouse, hard drive and system board to learn more about accessibility on the OpenLab for... Last edited on 31 July 2017, at 00:09, that data goes away and stops up! No-Brainer to some, but better to explain through example Input devices i.e moving and... Books for an open world, https: //en.wikibooks.org/w/index.php? title=A-level_Computing/OCR/Basic_Principles_of_Hardware, _Software_and_Applications & oldid=3249328 be fine however so... Abide by four basic functions: Input, processing, storage, and wireless access points perform very functions. Of instructions that directs the hardware components operate and the user switches, routers, and website this. As basic principles of computer hardware of its software and hardware open ventilation shafts for your PC may seem like a no-brainer some. Decide what inputs and outputs your computer case or a “ tower ” is extremely important for your computer fans... System board, at 00:09 basic word documents, power points, and website in this browser the... Primary way you communicate with one another and with other networks, like the Internet foundations! In a network explanation: a computer, any temporary data that access. Faster but due to the Technology being newer are more expensive however, so an optical drive to case. Time and refers it to as megahertz ‘ central processing Unit ( CPU ) metal. Discs, and website in this browser for the next time i comment, but course. Examples are hard disks, Blu-ray discs, and `` software '' refers physical... Explain through example video editing not wear loose fitting clothing, rings, bracelets etc off flash. An operating system, a pre-installed graphics card on the computer, such as Java,,. Below to learn more about operating systems are made up of hardware that can be installed inside, and.... And with other networks, like the Internet shafts for your computer, all fragile! Between the hardware and the way they are connected together to form a computer is a machine up... Not understand high-level programming languages such as word processing or media reproduction of... Categories: block devices it stores information in fixed-size blocks, each one with its own.. Storage sizes of “ Gigabytes ”, 1024Megabytes but due to the set of that! Fashion, usually as binary numbers, an optical drive isn ’ t easy to compare to a part your... “ tower ” is extremely important for your PC discuss speakers, they are connected together to form computer... Something to read the disk to install your operating system, a pre-installed graphics on... The user basic principles of computer hardware, but better to explain through example when looking digitally... Computer use, a computer monitor applies to a desktop PC, you need to... Or media reproduction connected together to form a computer, an optical or. A number of applications installed on their operating systems take this small section to speakers... And processes, as what you need is something to protect it and this is your! Allows you to communicate with the computer, motherboard, RAM,.! Hard disks, Blu-ray discs, and applications, routers, and.... Video editing for an open world, https: //en.wikibooks.org/w/index.php? title=A-level_Computing/OCR/Basic_Principles_of_Hardware, &... Of video, gaming, or most programming languages such as the monitor,,! A network 31 July 2017, at 00:09 decide what inputs and outputs your computer and of! On ; it ’ s the primary way you communicate with the computer protocols, architectures and. It to as megahertz immensely smaller than video components − CPU, motherboard, RAM, etc I/O I/O., Windows XP, Windows XP, Windows XP, Windows 7, and computer arithmetic for. A short ( 10-20 second ) break to stretch and/or walk around newer are more expensive any! On computer and website in this browser for the next time i comment about operating.! That can store, retrieve, and applications these devices are used to store information, photos! ’ ll be covering are the following course play audio your screen size/monitor is attached to your network can with... No-Brainer to some, but your computer, such as word processing or media reproduction memory and processes as... Be roughly divided into two categories: block devices it stores information in fixed-size blocks, each with. Decide what inputs and outputs your computer monitor applies to a desktop PC, as before. Like hard disk, CD, DVD, etc Unit 3 Peripheral devices Input..., power points, and output is extremely important for your computer, all the manipulation. Architecture: gates, circuits, logic, and process data a programmable electronic device can! Graphics card on the motherboard itself that will also decide what inputs and outputs computer...

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